Configure VideoLAN VLC to play RTSP/RTP streams from Wowza Streaming Engine

This article explains how to configure the VideoLAN VLC media player to stream live or on-demand RTSP/RTP streams over TCP, also called RTSP/RTP interleaved, from Wowza Streaming Engine™ media server software. While HTTP streaming offers more features, RTSP/RTP streaming may work better when streaming through a firewall or router that doesn't have UDP streaming available.

Note: VLC media player can also play multicast MPEG-TS streams that are wrapped in RTP. To do so, use the Stream Targets feature in Wowza Streaming Engine software. For more information, see Use MPEG-TS to distribute live streams from Wowza Streaming Engine.

Create the application


If you haven't done so already, set up a live application by following the instructions in Set up live streaming using an RTSP/RTP-based encoder in Wowza Streaming Engine.

Or, configure the vod application that's included with Wowza Streaming Engine by following the instructions in Set up video-on-demand streaming in Wowza Streaming Engine.

Change the stream transport protocol


To switch VLC from HTTP streaming to RTP/RTSP streaming:

  1. On the VLC media player Tools menu, click Preferences.
     
  2. In the Simple Preferences dialog box, click Input / Codecs in the contents panel.
     
  3. In Input & Codecs Settings, in the Network area, change the Live555 stream transport option from HTTP (default) to RTP over RTSP (TCP).
     
  4. Click Save.

Play the stream


By default, VLC media player is configured with a very small caching buffer. This can lead to choppy playback initially but it will eventually smooth out as VLC automatically increases the size of this buffer. The steps below explain how to change the default cache size before connecting to the stream.

  1. On the VLC media player Media menu, click Open Network Stream.
     
  2. At the bottom of the Open Media dialog box, select the Show more options check box.
     
  3. Set the Caching value to a higher value such as 1200 ms. This value is retained between VLC media player playback sessions and restarts.
  4. Enter the URL of the stream that you want to play in the Please enter a network URL field and then click Play.

The following examples show possible stream URLs.

VOD

rtsp://[wowza-ip-address]:1935/vod/mp4:sample.mp4

Live

rtsp://[wowza-ip-address]:1935/live/myStream.stream


Where [wowza-ip-address] is the IP address or domain name of the Wowza Streaming Engine server.

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